The Expansion Of Mansard Roofs Across Europe In 18th Century

Ałykow K., Napiórkowska-Ałykow M., The Expansion Of Mansard Roofs Across Europe In 18th Century, (In) Arun G. (Ed) Structural Health Assessment of Timber Structures, Istanbul 2017, pp. 25-34

ISBN 978-605-62703-7-6

 

summary

The expansion of wooden roof structures in Europe has been discussed many times before. Also, some attempts have been made to classify rafter framing according to special features of their structural framework, not only with reference to the development of their design techniques, but also, for example, from the dendrological standpoint.
The size of wooden roof structures was subject to considerable changes over the centuries, beginning from the largest in the 13th century, and then gradually decreasing by the 18th century.
Yet, apart from the technical knowledge in its strict sense, the shape of the Baroque churches and cathedrals, and accordingly the form of their wood structural framing was also influenced by both the political situation of the time and the circumstances resulting from certain religious doctrines. The appearance of wooden barrels in the Baroque era which feigned vaulting, and made it possible to cover extensive spaces, had a significant impact on the change of the structural framework.
In this article, the authors present the trends in the expansion of shape and form of rafter framing used in the hall churches across Central Europe in the 18th century. The authors attempt to analyze the trends in the development of carpentry techniques for the timber-framed Mansard roofs in the Baroque era, used in sacred architecture across Europe, resulting from the political circumstances of which the direct influence on the development of carpentry techniques was reflected in the implemented building technologies.